Lapland is the northernmost province of Finland and the European Union. It represents about one third of the land area of the entire country. Lapland's total area is 100,369 km2, land area 92,665 km2 and (sweet) water area 6,320 km2. Lapland has about 183,500 inhabitants. It is a very sparsely populated area with only 2.0 inhabitants/km2.
In the entire country there are about 7,000-7,500 Sámi, and about 4,000 live in the Northern Finland's most northern parts - the home area of Sámi. Of Sámi people there are about 700-900 Inari and 700 Skolt Sámi.
Cities and Municipalities
The capital of the province is Rovaniemi (about 60,000 inhabitants).
Other towns in Lapland are Kemi (about 22,500 inhabitants), Tornio (about 22,400 inhabitants) and Kemijärvi (about 8,500 inhabitants). The province of Lapland has 17 municipalities: Enontekiö, Inari, Keminmaa, Kittilä, Kolari, Muonio, Pelkosenniemi, Pello, Posio, Ranua, Salla, Savukoski, Simo, Sodankylä, Tervola, Utsjoki and Ylitornio.
Lapland is known in Finland for its treeless fells and wildlife. The most famous fells are Saariselkä, Levi, Ylläs, Pyhätunturi, Luosto (ski resorts), Korvatunturi and Halti, the highest fell in Finland. Reindeer, wolves and wolverines are among the best-known animals of Lapland. Populations of rough-legged buzzards, eagles and willow grouse also belong to the Lappish landscape. In southern Lapland the forests of pine and spruce trees are endless. Further north, the trees become sparser. In northern Lapland, up in the fells, there are no trees at all. The seasons are very pronounced in Lapland. During the winter of six months there is a lot of snow and sometimes the temperature can drop to –40 ° C. The spring, when the days get longer, is very short. Summers can be very warm with 24 hours of daylight. The distinguishing feature of autumn is the famous autumn colours.